Our Library of Research outcome reports

Our published Reports can be accessed below.

If you are a Water Company member, please login to the site using the "My UKWIR" button at the top of the screen to access downloadable reports. Water Company members may also access other online tools, such as the Toxicity Datasheets, National Mains Failure database, SAGIS, Wagrico, etc. all provided through our website.  You may need to request access from your company's representative, who can also be found under the relevant website tool.

Any redistribution or reproduction of part or all of the contents of our reports in any form is prohibited other than the following:

  • You may print or download to a local hard drive extracts for your personal and non-commercial use only,
  • You may copy the content to individual third parties for their personal use, but only if you acknowledge our report as the source of the material

You may not, except with UKWIR’s express written permission, distribute or commercially exploit the content. Nor may you transmit it or store it in any other website or other form of electronic retrieval system.

Reports that match your search terms are listed out in order that reflects the number of times the words are used in the report and their whereabouts (Title / Abstract / Body). Your search term will be highlighted in the results. If you cannot see your search term highlighted in a result then the term has been found in the body of the report.  If you enclose your search term in double-quote marks, this will focus the search on the exact phrase.

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/CL/01/34

ISBN
978-1-84057-953-6

PUBLISHED
17/08/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

Climate change adaptation - a common framework

This research report sets out a framework that builds on current practice, regulation and guidance to provide recommendations for government and regulators, water companies and other stakeholders.

The project has developed a shared climate adaptation goal and a common framework, which aligns with the current and evolving regulatory context, to support greater consistency, and a better future for customers everywhere. This report sets out a proposed goal and framework for the water sector, some key sector recommendations, and potential next steps for the framework.

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/CL/01/33

ISBN
978-1-84057-952-9

PUBLISHED
26/08/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

Workbook for estimating operational GHG emissions – version 16

UKWIR has developed a standardised workbook for estimating operational greenhouse gas emissions, the Carbon Accounting Workbook (CAW), to bring consistency and accuracy to the reporting process across the water industry. The workbook has been in place for over ten years and is updated annually to reflect the needs of the industry, including changes in carbon accounting practices. 

This report sets out the changes that have been made in CAW 16. Some of these changes were implemented as a result of a review that was undertaken to assess the alignment of the CAW with the ISO14064 standards. 

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/WW/02/16

ISBN
978-1-84057-951-2

PUBLISHED
18/07/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

Extending the Capability of SAGIS by Developing a Climate Change Sensitivity Analysis Tool

This project has delivered a spreadsheet tool that extends the capability of the SAGIS-SIMCAT system by enabling modellers to directly apply climate change related modifications to SIMCAT dat files, to process outputs and to present useful and intuitive visualisations of complex data. The tool enables water companies and regulators to explicitly include climate change considerations in SAGIS-SIMCAT catchment and asset management planning applications for PR24, thereby supporting the requirements of the Climate Change Act 2008 and the Water Industry Strategic Environmental Requirements (WISER) document. Through the automation and streamlining of data management processes, the tool reduces the time and effort associated with scenario modelling and provides more effective modelling and planning procedures that take climate change into account in water quality planning. The project has served as a multi-stakeholder forum that has facilitated the dissemination, discussion and exchange of SAGIS-SIMCAT knowledge and ideas.

There may be a significant reduction in the price of this report if you have already bought a copy of the previous SAGIS report. Please contact the UKWIR office for assistance.

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/WW/02/15

ISBN
978-1-84057-948-2

PUBLISHED
11/08/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

Urban Runoff (Including Road Runoff) And Atmospheric Deposition - How To Apportion Pollution Load Especially Chemicals Of Emerging Concern

Diffuse pollution such as urban run-off and atmospheric deposition is a well-established source of pollutants. This project reviewed existing data and knowledge of chemicals of emerging concern (CEC) in urban run-off (including highways) and atmospheric deposition and assessed the potential for this data to be used within the Source Apportionment Geographical Information System (SAGIS) modelling system.

This UKWIR project led by Atkins with the University of Plymouth presents the current understanding through:

  • providing a systematic review of relevant literature to identify contributions of a defined range of CECs and microplastics and to identify possible knowledge gaps.
  • evaluating sources to assess their potential to inform an update of data included in SAGIS, as well as to identify information gaps.
  • reviewing interventions for the interception of microplastics and the identified CECs during their transit from source to receptor.

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/WM/12/1

ISBN
978-1-84057-949-9

PUBLISHED
30/06/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

Transferring minimal excavation methods to the water industry

This report provides a comprehensive review of current and developing technologies for minimal excavation which have the potential to enable the water industry to undertake leak repairs and the associated excavation activities, safely and efficiently. Technologies were identified through global literature reviews, interviews with subject matter experts and contact with relevant companies. A workshop attended by practitioners, technology providers and water companies, provided clarity over the critical issues that need to be resolved to enable these technologies to be widely adopted in the water industry. To encourage the transfer of the identified technology a functional specification is presented which defines the requirements for the application of this technology. A route map to enable the implementation by the water industry is also presented, including a suit of core project areas that will address the key challenges to technology implementation

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/WM/04/14

ISBN
978-1-84057-950-5

PUBLISHED
16/09/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

The Occurrence and Causes of Pressure Transients in Distribution Networks

Pressure transients contribute to water company assets’ degradation and structural failure, leading to, amongst other things, leakage and pipe bursts. In recent years, several water companies have undertaken programmes of varying size to capture high frequency pressure data, providing valuable information about the extent of pressure transients across the distribution networks. 
However, many such programmes have, justifiably, been driven by the operational needs of the individual water companies and therefore focused on specific network areas/issues. As such, certain network areas, such as non-pumped zones, that are not traditionally associated with having pressure transients, may have been excluded. As an industry, we still do not have a clear picture of the overall frequency and severity of pressure transient with various causes.

This project analyses the distribution and characteristics of pressure transient events. The analysis suggests that, across the whole UK water network, an event occurs once every 1.4 hours, approximately 6,500 events a year. Each one of these events has the potential to cause failure of the water main either by catastrophic failure or increases in leakage.

Most transients are relatively small in size, with a median amplitude of 12.9m/hd. They typically last around 60 seconds. Approximately, 1.2% of transients drop to atmospheric pressure or below, which could cause ingress and water quality concerns. From the analysis, for approximately 60% of transient events, there was a change in pressure from before to after the transient was observed. These changes are most likely associated with a pumping activity, or as the result of a pressure controlling valve. Although the costs and benefits of addressing the root causes of transients will vary from situation to situation, the findings of this report can assist companies in making their own cost benefit analysis.

This study provides an overview of occurrence and severity of pressure transients across the industry. However, it also highlights a lack of the availability, accessibility, and quality of critical data to enable detailed investigations on the impact of the transient on asset failure. Further studies are recommended to understand the characteristics of transients including the variability of pressure changes in the network, transient shape and unique signature, and categorisations of events and root causes. A recommended approach to future logging programmes is laid out so that water companies can get maximum benefit from the data that is collected.

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/DW/03/24

ISBN
978-1-84057-946-8

PUBLISHED
15/07/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

Impact of dynamic system changes on customer acceptability

Companies must work to ensure that customers continue to be satisfied with their drinking water when the treated water source they normally receive is blended or substituted with another. 
A tool has been designed to assess the impact of dynamic system changes on customer acceptability, named the “Blend Assessment Model” and is referred to as “the tool” within this document.

This document collates the process of researching the tools requirements, creating the tool and producing the accompanying monitoring guidance document.

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/CL/01/32

ISBN
978-1-84057-944-4

PUBLISHED
05/07/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

Calculating whole life / totex carbon

This project carried out a high-level review of the tools currently use by the water sector; considered the potential for integrated ‘totex carbon’ calculation; and assessed the appetite amongst potential end users for whole life carbon planning tools.

The project has identified several gaps in industry knowledge and capability. These are set out as a series of recommendations for UKWIR and the industry to address through future collaborative research packages.

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/WW/06/11

ISBN
978-1-84057-943-7

PUBLISHED
13/04/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

How can conventional wastewater treatment processes cope with greater volumes of weaker sewage

The water industry is under pressure to reduce spills from Combined Sewer Overflows (CSO), but without actions to limit infiltration and separate surface water, the consequence of this allied to climate change will be larger volumes of more dilute sewage arriving at Wastewater Treatment Works (WwTW), possibly for protracted periods. 

Hence this project takes a wider view on dealing with the dynamic nature of volumes and strengths of the sewage that the water industry is likely to need to treat. The output of this project includes realistic operational design options for existing WwTW’s processes and considers a selection of potential alternatives for WwTW dealing with intermittent higher flows of weaker sewage.

UKWIR REFERENCE
22/WR/02/16

ISBN
978-1-84057-945-1

PUBLISHED
12/07/2022

Attached Reports, Software & Resumes  

Water Resources Big Question Innovation Workshops

The research Routemap to support the UKWIR Big Question “How do we halve freshwater abstractions in a sustainable way by 2050?” was updated through a series of workshops with a range of UKWIR stakeholders held in November 2021. Beyond an updated Routemap the project recommends that UKWIR adopts a more facilitatory role with this Big Question, remaining focussed on outcomes and evaluating the most effective way to sustainably deliver deep reductions in levels of freshwater abstraction.

Digitally enabling the new Routemap will provide a foundation on which an enduring research community can be built.  Providing more dynamic information on the research outcomes and organisations involved will help potential collaborators to engage with the Big Question and ultimately accelerate delivery against the outcomes.

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